Dimensions of an enabling environment for LDN
Creating an Enabling Environment for Land Degradation Neutrality and its potential contribution to enhancing well-being, livelihoods and the environment, a report of the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface
Shaping an Enabling Environment for LDN Science-Policy Brief prepared by the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface
Avoiding, reducing and reversing land degradation is as much a policy challenge as it is a technical challenge. The adoption of sustainable land management can be addressed with an enabling environment, defined as a conducive institutional, policy, regulatory and financial setting for progress to be made towards LDN.
The following four dimensions of an enabling environment for LDN should be considered:
- Science-policy interface: given the complex and multifaceted nature of the land degradation issue, a continuous dialogue between policy-makers, scientists and practitioners is of great importance;
- Financial: securing and streamlining financial resources;
- Institutional: addressing challenges associated with mainstreaming LDN, including to organise the often-fragmented responsible agencies towards increased efficiency, and remove constraints related to insecure land tenure and access;
- Policy and regulatory: developing effective and widely supported land regulations.
LDN measures that are designed based on the response hierarchy (avoid > reduce > reverse) can bolster multiple environmental, social and economic benefits. These multiple benefits strengthen the enabling environment, and at the same time, the enabling environment can foster multiple benefits. The above described four dimensions of an enabling environment are pivotal, with land governance given specific attention.
Integrated land use planning (ILUP) is a critical component of land governance and essential to achieving LDN. As LDN goes beyond the implementation of sustainable land management practices, integrated land use planning is required to implement the response hierarchy. The capacity of land administrations to facilitate integrated land use planning needs to be strengthened or built, in many countries
ILUP can reconcile LDN and other targets in a political process that shapes a desirable future land use. ILUP, as well as inclusive and responsible land governance, are key enablers of LDN; achieving LDN requires an enabling environment which fosters multiple environmental, social and economic benefits.