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Sustainable land management technologies: grazing pressure management



Grazing pressure management assess the maximum livestock population that a habitat or ecosystem can support on a sustainable basis (the carrying capacity), to ensure that resources such as vegetation, soil, and water, are not damaged, degraded, or depleted. The technology is applied mainly on land involving livestock production (e.g. grazing land), and is common in arid and semi-arid regions where livestock are primarily dependent on grazing resources for feed supply.


According to the report on sustainable land management (SLM) by the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI), grazing pressure management can prevent soil erosion and deterioration. Depending on the livestock density, grazing frequency, and management practices, grazing pressure management could also improve soil carbon dynamics.

Examples of SLM best practices in grazing pressure management

Below are examples of best practices in grazing pressure management cited in the report on SLM by the SPI.


Eco-graze is a grazing management system that involves rotation and resting of paddocks. It is based on the establishment of three paddocks with two herds within a rotational system, where all paddocks get some wet season rest two years out of three.

Paddocks are sub-divided into three relatively equal sizes, though some flexibility is required to balance variation in the productive capacity of different land types within the paddock. The paddocks are fenced and extra water points, additional water troughs, and (where required) pumps are established.

Rehabilitation of degraded pastures with alfalfa

Restoring degraded pastureland with alfalfa, a fast-growing plant, and putting the area under quarantine for three years to allow for the pasture to restore sufficiently, which requires the agreement of community members.

Combined herding for planned grazing

The daily combining of livestock from all households into a single herd, which are moved to different designated portions of the communal grazing area, and allows grass to recover before being re-grazed some months later. The technology aims to replace continuous, open grazing with a planned system to prepare the soil and grass for the forthcoming rainy season, and is particularly effective in areas with no fences and high incidence of stock theft and predator losses.

Read about other SLM technology groups


vegetation management

water management

animal waste management

sustainable forest management

reducing deforestation

afforest_reforestation forest restoration agroforestry agro-pastoralism

minimum soil disturbance

soil erosion control fire pest and diseases control    

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