Sustainable land management technologies: water management
Sustainable Land Management contribution to successful land-based climate change adaptation and mitigation: A report of the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI)
Water management is the management of water resources, including ground-, surface- and rain water, to promote efficient use and protect water resources from pollution and over-exploitation. This also includes the removal of excess water from the ground surface or from the root zone. Water management can be applied in many different ways, depending on the overall sustainable land management (SLM) objective, and includes the use of sustainable irrigation systems, water harvesting, and drainage. The technology can be applied to land use types where water resources are present, such as cropland and forest/woodland.
According to the report on sustainable land management (SLM) by the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI), water management can help to increase the soil’s capacity to receive, retain, release and transmit water, and can reduce soil erosion. Improving water quality and use efficiency can be seen as both a climate change adaptation and a mitigation measure. For example, sustainable irrigation systems in arid and semi-arid conditions could be considered an adaptation strategy for drought and could also lead to water and financial savings.
Examples of SLM best practices in water management
Read about other SLM technology groups