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Sustainable land management technologies: fire, pest and diseases control



Fire, pest, and diseases control are measures that manage, prevent, or control fire, pests, and diseases, with the aim of reducing their negative effects on land, vegetation, and ecosystems. This sustainable land management (SLM) technology can be applied to several land use types, including cropland and forest/woodland.


According to the report on sustainable land management (SLM) by the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI), controlling pests and diseases reduces crop/vegetation losses and the spread of outbreaks, thus potentially preserving biodiversity. Managing wildfires reduces forest degradation and preserves biodiversity, and can be a highly important climate change mitigation strategy for forests/woodlands. In certain forest types, such as boreal forests and some types of conifer forests, a certain amount of (controlled) fire can reduce the risk of wildfire and support the maintenance of the forest structure, function, and plant and animal composition.

Examples of SLM best practices in fire, pest and diseases control

Below are examples of best practices in fire, pest and diseases control cited in the report on SLM by the SPI.


Integrated production and pest management (IPPM) curbs environmental degradation caused by current farming practices (intensive and extensive), reducing the negative impact of pesticides on the environment and on human health. IPPM works with all available techniques for combatting pests, while eliminating or keeping pesticide use at economically justified levels.

Ecological engineering for biological pest control

Ecological engineering is aimed primarily at the regulation of pest species, through the provision of habitats for their natural enemies, thereby increasing biodiversity. Other ecosystem services, such as pollination and cultural services, may simultaneously be enhanced by using the same measures.

Use of phyto-pesticides

Using environmentally friendly phyto-pesticides, made from natural plant extracts to help combat pests and diseases. Plant extracts include potatoes, onions or tomato stalks, garlic, pepper, dandelion, common wormwood and thorn apple extracts.


Read about other SLM technology groups


vegetation management

water management

grazing pressure management

animal waste management

sustainable forest management

reducing deforestation


forest restoration



minimum soil disturbance

soil erosion control



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