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Sustainable land management technologies: sustainable forest management



Sustainable forest management (SFM) aims to responsibly manage natural and planted forests, and combines both forest productivity and forest conservation to sustainably increase benefits derived from forests and forest ecosystems. The technology is applied to land with forest areas, such as forest/woodland.


According to the report on sustainable land management (SLM) by the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI), SFM can provide socio-economic goods and services to communities who depend on the forest, such as income generation and employment opportunities, food, timber and non-timber products. SFM also helps to reduce forest vulnerability and maintain forest productivity. Specific management practices can also promote carbon sequestration, biodiversity, and soil and water conservation. The technology is an effective strategy to reduce land degradation and simultaneously contribute to climate change mitigation.

Examples of SLM best practices in SFM

Below are examples of best practices in SFM cited in the report on SLM by the UNCCD SPI.

Selective clearing

Selective clearing involves clearing fire-prone species and planting more fire-resistant resprouter species. This directs the vegetation to later successional stages, which increases the resilience to fires. The goals are to reduce the fuel load and its continuity and to increase the resilience of the vegetation to fires.

Woodlot/fuelwood production

The planting of trees in a portion of land for various uses, such as for the provision of firewood and building materials. Woodlots are mainly used to provide firewood, timber and building materials, and they also prevent soil erosion through their thick mulch and roots that hold the soil together. Other benefits of woodlots include improving/cooling the micro-climate, air purification, and acting as windbreakers.


Read about other SLM technology groups



vegetation management

water management

grazing pressure management

animal waste management

reducing deforestation

afforest_reforestation forest restoration agroforestry agro-pastoralism

minimum soil disturbance

soil erosion control fire pest and diseases control    

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