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Sustainable land management for mixed land

mixed land


Mixed land use systems combine two or more types of land use within the same land unit at a spatial or temporal scale, for example forest/woodland and cropland (WOCAT, 2016). This includes agroforestry (cropland and forest/woodland), agro-pastoralism (cropland and grazing land), agro-silvo-pastoralism (cropland, grazing land and forest/woodland), and silvo-pastoralism (forest/woodland and grazing land).

Land management challenges in mixed land

The land management challenges facing mixed lands depend on the land use (e.g. agroforestry or agro-pastoralism), and could include soil erosion and land degradation caused by inappropriate management practices, which consequently negatively affect production.

Examples of related SLM technologies

The most common sustainable land management (SLM) technologies in mixed land are those that prevent soil erosion and improve water retention, biodiversity and land productivity. This includes agroforestry and agro-pastoralism, which both focus on increasing synergies and integration of the different activities within the system. Below are examples of best practices in these technologies cited in the report on SLM by the SPI.

Agroforestry system

Agroforestry is a collective name for land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials (such as trees, shrubs, palms, or bamboos) are deliberately used on the same land-management unit as agricultural crops and/or animals, in some form of spatial arrangement or temporal sequence. The system has been proposed to farmers and re-introduced to the region with the aim of reducing environmental impacts and energy inputs as well as improving biodiversity and agricultural landscape.

Home gardens

Home gardens, containing tree, shrub, herbs, vine, tuber layers as well as poultry, produce food for household consumption as well as an additional income. All seven production layers can be found, with a tree canopy, lower trees, shrubs, herbs, a soil cover, roots and tubers as well as a climbing layer, although the number of layers varies by garden.

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