Sustainable land management for grazing land
Sustainable Land Management contribution to successful land-based climate change adaptation and mitigation: A report of the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI)
Grazing lands are lands where grass or grass-like vegetation grows and is the dominant form of plant life, and are used mainly for animal production. Grazing lands cover a broad range of land use types and include:
- Pastures: a field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock;
- Savannahs: flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions with scattered trees;
- Steppes: temperate or tropical grassland that only has trees near lakes and rivers; located in places including southern Russia, central Asia, southern South America, the central United States and western Canada;
- Hayfields: a field where grass or alfalfa are grown to be made into hay, and
- Grasslands, which may be used, either partially or exclusively, as grazing land.
Land management challenges in grazing lands
According to the report on sustainable land management (SLM) by the UNCCD Science-Policy Interface (SPI), grazing lands have become degraded due to human activities and over-grazing. Other factors, such as climate variability and gaps in feed supply, also negatively affect productivity, especially in dryland areas.
Examples of related SLM technologies
Sustainable land management (SLM) technologies that reduce grazing pressure or improve the management of animal waste can address soil and land degradation, reduce GHG emissions, and could simultaneously improve productivity. Below are examples of best practices in these technologies cited in the report on SLM by the SPI.