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LDN and biodiversity

Land degradation and biodiversity loss are among the most pressing environmental challenges facing humanity. Land degradation has reduced the productivity of nearly one-quarter of the global land surface, impacting the wellbeing of about 3.2 billion people and costing about ten per cent of annual global gross domestic product in lost ecosystem services. An estimated 23 per cent of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions derive from agriculture, forestry and other land uses, contributing to climate change.

Land-use change, habitat loss and fragmentation as well as other land degradation processes are driving unprecedented losses in biodiversity that forms a foundation for many benefits provided by nature. Today, the abundance of native species in most major land-based habitats has fallen by at least 20 per cent on average, with around one million species facing extinction.

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