Many Small Island Developing States (SIDS) have committed to establishing national voluntary LDN targets. By establishing LDN targets, SIDS have defined their ambitions and key priorities to address land degradation. The LDN target setting process allowed national stakeholders to systematically analyze the causes and effects of land degradation and to come up with evidence-based decisions on what is desirable and feasible to avoid, reduce or reverse land degradation by 2030. Based on an assessment of the actions and priorities identified by SIDS in their national LDN target setting country reports, the key priorities to achieve LDN in SIDS are summarized in this briefing note.
LDN in SIDS
Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) contributes to achieving multiple SDGs in small island and developing states (SIDS), helping preserve biodiversity and increasing resilience to climate change. Land degradation has a strong negative impact on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture, water resources management and coastal zone management. SIDS face a potentially greater strain in these sectors due to their high susceptibility to natural disasters, which often reverses the economic and social achievements. Land-based solutions can make a significant contribution to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Sendai Framework, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, as well as on the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway. By setting voluntary LDN targets, SIDS have demonstrated strong political leadership in meeting these commitments.
SIDS are deeply invested in the transformative land-based solutions, with a focus on the sustainable management of forests, better agricultural practices and improved land use planning. The national LDN working groups, established by each country to guide the LDN target setting process, have played a central role in formulating of the science-based LDN targets based on the LDN response hierarchy to avoid, reduce and reverse land degradation).