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LDN building blocks

Through the LDN Target-Setting Programme, interested countries receive technical guidance and specialized expertise to help define national Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) goals. Four building blocks form the basis of the LDN target-setting process, developed on the scientific guidance provided by the UNCCD’s Science-Policy Interface and feedback received from countries and stakeholders. Every building block contains concrete advice and steps needed to engage in the LDN Target Setting Process, such as key the stakeholders, expected outcomes and information on where to find support when working on LDN.

The four building blocks of the LDN Target-Setting Programme are:

Building Block 1 – Leveraging LDN

Facilitating the engagement of decision makers and stakeholders involved in land management and the LDN target-setting process. LDN target setting is not a stand-alone process – it provides opportunities for coordination across ministries and sectors involved in land management

Leveraging LDN brings it to the forefront of national agendas and establishes the required institutional and technical environments, facilitating stakeholder engagement. The main output is the National LDN Target-Setting leverage plan, which identifies country-level opportunities and synergies with LDN-related national, regional and global processes.

Building Block 2 – Assessing LDN

Strengthening countries’ capacities for making informed decisions on what actions to take by assessing the current state of land and the drivers of land degradation and by tracking tracking progress using the best available data.

Assessing LDN establishes its baseline scenario in line with the SDG process, including land degradation drivers and trends. The baseline assesses the current status and condition of land-based natural capital and ecosystem services. In September 2017, decisions 2 and 3 of COP13 invited country Parties to develop land degradation baselines and identify quantifiable and time-bound voluntary targets linked to national SDG agendas.

The LDN monitoring and reporting system, anchored in decision 22 of COP11, identifies three sub-indicators of land degradation:

The documents “Good Practice Guidance SDG Indicator 15.3.1” and “LDN Methodological Note” describe the LDN methodology for assessing land degradation. They have been further updated with the guidance document for 2018 UNCCD reporting.

  1. Tends in land cover 
  2. Trends in land productivity, and
  3. Trends in carbon stocks above and below ground  

The documents “Good Practice Guidance SDG Indicator 15.3.1” and “LDN Methodological Note” describe the LDN methodology for assessing land degradation. They have been further updated with the guidance document for 2018 UNCCD reporting.

Building Block 3 – Setting LDN targets and associated measures

Supporting countries to define country’s ambitions in combating land degradation by defining LDN targets and measures. LDN targets define a country’s ambitions in terms of combatting land degradation, and LDN measures comprise a whole range of interventions to avoid, reduce or reverse land degradation. 

Setting LDN targets and measures defines countries’ ambitions to combat land degradation. Setting LDN targets and associated measures is the cornerstone of the LDN target setting process. It involves extensive stakeholder consultations to agree on measurable, verifiable and time-bound targets that address the main land degradation drivers and trends.

Building Block 4 – Achieving LDN

Helping countries to create an enabling environment by integrating LDN into national policies and identifying investment opportunities along with transformative LDN programmes and projects.

Achieving LDN identifies opportunities for transformative projects and programmes (TPPs) for LDN and promotes the integration of LDN into national development plans. The deliverables involve mainstreaming LDN in selected national policies and commitments and identification of financing opportunities to support LDN TPP implementation.

 

These building blocks take into account the early lessons of the LDN Target Setting Pilot Project with 14 pioneer countries representing all regions. The building blocks take into account the early lessons of the LDN Target Setting Pilot Project in 2014-15, with 14 pioneer countries – Algeria, Armenia, Belarus, Bhutan, Chad, Chile, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Grenada, Indonesia, Italy, Namibia, Senegal, Turkey – representing all regions.

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