Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) Transformative Projects and Programmes (TPPs) have multiple objectives in climate change mitigation and adaptation, biodiversity conservation and other environmental and social benefits. Funding proposals for LDN TPPs can take advantage of multiple existing financing opportunities and partnerships for projects, while also tapping into the relevant climate financing resources.
Some of the key possible funding sources for the LDN TPP are:
- Global Environment Facility (GEF)
- Climate finance opportunities: Green Climate Fund, The Adaptation Fund, climate investment funds
- Other funding opportunities: multilateral development banks and organizations, bilateral development cooperation, national budgets and financial mechanisms, private finance, bended finance such as LDN Fund and other bilateral and multilateral institutions which either focus on land degradation or seek direct synergies with climate change mitigation and adaptation, biodiversity conservation, forest and landscape restoration or disaster risk reduction
The Global Environment Facility (GEF)
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) has a mandate to invest in global environmental benefits from production landscapes, a mandate related directly to its role as a financial mechanism of the UNCCD. The land degradation focal area provides the opportunity for eligible countries to utilize GEF resources for implementing the UNCCD and its 2018-2030 Strategic Framework. The GEF is well-placed to help countries implement UNCCD and facilitate coordinated investment in SLM to achieve LDN. Since land degradation has global environmental and poverty dimensions, integrated solutions are required to support interventions that address both. Building synergies across the GEF delivery model can pave the way for improving the cost effectiveness of interventions and deliver multiple outcomes toward environmental, social and economic sustainability.
Climate finance opportunities
LDN Transformative Projects and Programmes offer multiple benefits for climate change mitigation and adaptation as well as biodiversity conservation, funding proposals for LDN TPPs can take advantage of relevant climate financing opportunities through the Green Climate Fund and the Adaptation Fund. LDN TPP proposals should provide a clear narrative and linkages with land-based climate change adaptation and mitigation, and have well-defined and measurable climate indicators, such as reduced GHG emissions, as well as the expected number of beneficiaries with improved adaptation capacity. Links to NDC targets should also be demonstrated.
Other funding opportunities
- Multilateral Development Banks and Organizations
Multilateral development banks and organizations (MDBs) commonly refer to six institutions: The World Bank Group, The African Development Bank Group (AfDB), The Asian Development Bank (ADB), The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), The European Investment Bank (EIB) and The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).
- Bilateral development cooperation
- National budgets and financial mechanisms
- Private finance
- Blended finance
- LDN Fund