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The provision of an equal and opposite effect, over a specified timeframe. In the context of LDN, the neutrality mechanism at the integrated land use planning stage, anticipated losses with measures designed to deliver gains, in order to achieve the LDN target (country level). Counterbalancing is generally managed within the same land type, and within a biophysical (e.g. catchment) or administrative (e.g., province) spatial domain.

(Source: Orr et al. 2017. Scientific Conceptual Framework for Land Degradation Neutrality. A Report of the Science-Policy Interface. United Nations Convention to