Back to search

Arid climates are more conflict-prone than humid ones..See why

All water management serves multiple objectives and navigates among competing interests. Within a nation, these interests − domestic users, farmers, hydropower generators, recreational users, ecosystems − are often at odds and the probability of a mutually acceptable solution falls exponentially in proportion to the number of stakeholders. Add international boundaries and the chances drop yet again.

Without a mutual solution, these parties can find themselves in dispute and even violent conflict, either with each other or with state authorities. Still, water-related disputes must be considered in the broader political, ethnic and religious context. Water is rarely the single cause of conflict and hardly ever the major one but it can exacerbate existing tensions and therefore must be considered within the larger context of conflict and peace.