Atlas of Migration in Northern Central America
The report titled, ‘Atlas of Migration in Northern Central America,’ was launched on 11 December 2018, in Marrakech, Morocco, on the sidelines of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Global Compact for Migration. It seeks to contribute to the design of public policies, programmes and efforts to achieve “safe, orderly and regular migration” in the LAC region, and provides a detailed perspective on the structural causes of migration in northern Central America.
Launching the report, ECLAC Executive Secretary Alicia Bárcena said the number of migrants from northern Central America increased by 59% between 2000 and 2012. She cited poverty, unemployment, familial factors, rights’ violations, violence and crime, and vulnerability to climate change as the main drivers of migration in the subregion. She added that the number of unaccompanied girls increased by 72% between 2016 and 2017. Kostas Stamoulis, FAO, said the majority of migrants from northern Central America that go to Mexico and the US come from rural families that depend on agriculture.
In order to address the structural causes of migration, Barcena noted, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico are promoting a Comprehensive Development Plan under the auspices of ECLAC.
At a meeting convened under the Concausa 2030 initiative, approximately 50 adolescents from 16 countries in the Americas put forward proposals for overcoming poverty and environmental protection in the region.