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Brazil may be the Owner of 20% of the World’s Water Supply but it is still Very Thirsty

If Brazil has nearly a fifth of the world’s water reserves, then why are water shortages so often in the news lately? There are many answers to that question, ranging from the way in which water resources are geographically distributed and the degradation of the areas surrounding river basins to climate change and poor supply infrastructure. The sectors that most contribute to the economy are also those most dependent on water. For example, 62% of Brazil’s energy is generated through hydropower plants. Water is also essential for agriculture, another important sector of the country’s economy. According to the National Water Agency (ANA), irrigation consumes 72% of Brazil’s water supply.