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Building Resilient Drylands - an overview of the UNDP's integrated approach to drylands with some county examples.

Integrated Drylands Development Programme (IDDP) is the UNDP's integrated approach to poverty alleviation and sustainable land management in the drylands. The programme was developed by the former Drylands Development Centre in 2002.

IDDP takes a people-centered approach and aims helps dryland countries meet Sustainable Development Goals, particularly SDG Target 15.3:  “By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation neutral world.” 

IDDP addresses three interlinked areas of importance to drylands development:

  1. Mainstreaming drylands issues, climate change adaptation and mitigation into national policies, planning and development frameworks and contributing to the effective implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD);
  2. Enhancing livelihoods of drylands communities through capacity building, livelihood diversification, networking and value chain development; and
  3. Improving governance and management of natural resources with emphasis on sustainable land and water management at the local level. 

Building Resilient Drylands .  This factsheet provides the overview of the UNDP's integrated approach to drylands with some county examples.

Promoting sustainable livelihoods, reducing vulnerability and building resilience in the drylands: Lessons from the UNDP Integrated Drylands Development Programme. This publication is a synthesis of lessons learnt, experiences and good practices drawn from case studies in six countries implementing the Integrated Drylands Development Programme. These countries include Benin, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia and Tunisia.

The Nairobi-based Global Policy Centre on Resilient Ecosystems and Desertification (GC-RED) is one of UNDP’s six Global Policy Centres. Building on the work of the former Drylands Development Centre (DDC), GC-RED is responsible for advancing global thinking and knowledge sharing on inclusive and sustainable development in drylands and other fragile ecosystems.

Human life depends on the earth as much as the ocean for our sustenance and livelihoods.

  • Plant life provides 80 percent of our human diet, and we rely on agriculture as an important economic resource and means of development.
  • Forests account for 30 percent of the Earth’s surface, providing vital habitats for millions of species and important sources for clean air and water; as well as being crucial for combating climate change.
  • Today we are seeing unprecedented land degradation, and the loss of arable land at 30 to 35 times the historical rate.
  • Drought and desertification is also on the rise each year, amounting to the loss of 12 million hectares and affects poor communities globally.
  • Of the 8,300 animal breeds known, 8 percent are extinct and 22 percent are at risk of extinction.

The SDGs aim to conserve and restore the use of terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, wetlands, drylands and mountains by 2020. Halting deforestation is also vital to mitigating the impact of climate change. Urgent action must be taken to reduce the loss of natural habitats and biodiversity which are part of our common heritage.