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Case studies on environmental integration in poverty reduction processes in Latin America and the Caribbean

Results and tools developed by the Poverty- Environment Initiative (PEI). The Poverty- Environment Initiative (PEI) of the United Nations Development Programme and United Nations Environment Programme aims to support countries in implementing policies, instruments, plans and budgets that combine the rational management of the environment with the reduction of poverty to contribute to sustainable development. The initiative also contributes to improving capabilities at national and local levels to have national policies, plans and budgets that are favorable and inclusive to the poor, that are gender sensitive, and that are sustainable for natural resources. This document has been prepared by the PEI team for Latin America and the Caribbean to provide strategic elements and discussion among the main development stakeholders of the region.

In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), even though most of the nations of the region are classified as middle-income countries, it is important to emphasize that economic growth has been associated with exploitation that is not always sustainable for natural resources, causing negative impacts on the environment.

Furthermore, Latin America and the Caribbean continue to have a higher level than the rest of the world in terms of social inequity, with a propensity to be highly vulnerable to disasters and the impacts of climate change. In this sense, PEI has worked for a decade together with LAC countries on integrating environmental issues into a favorable perspective on poor communities in planning efforts, both at national and subnational levels. Integration is part of taking into account the two-way link between poverty and environment, by appreciating the wide range of cross-cutting issues related to the environment that are therefore part of the integration agenda, such as mitigation and adaptation to climate change, green economy and
sustainable consumption and production.

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