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Desertification: OECD Statistics on External Development Finance Targeting Environmental Objectives Including the Rio Conventions

The DAC is monitoring external development finance targeting environmental objectives through its Creditor Reporting System (CRS) using “policy markers”: donors are requested to indicate for each development co-operation activity they report to the OECD whether or not it targets environmental objectives.

The Rio Conventions were established in 1992 on Climate Change, Biological Diversity and Desertification. Developed country Parties committed to assist developing countries in the implementation of these Conventions.

A scoring system of three values is used, in which development co-operation activities are “marked” as targeting the environment or the Rio Conventions as the “principal" objective or a “significant" objective, or as not targeting the objective.

Five statistical policy markers exist to monitor external development finance for environmental purposes within the OECD/DAC, these are:

The “Environment” marker (introduced in 1992)

Four Rio markers covering:

  • Biodiversity (introduced in 1998)
  • Climate Change Adaptation (introduced in 2010)
  • Climate Change Mitigation (introduced in 1998)
  • Desertification (introduced in 1998)

The Rio markers are applicable to Official Development Assistance (ODA) and recently also to other official flows (OOF) (non-concessional developmental flows, excluding export credits) starting from 2010.

Desertification: OECD DAC External Development Finance Statistics

‌Data on bilateral desertification-related development finance commitments from members of the OECD DAC.

  • Trends in Desertification-related development finance
  • Desertification-related development finance by OECD DAC members
  • Desertification-related development finance by sector
  • Desertification-related development finance by instrument

See also the Environment and Rio markers online database and associated User Guide.

Latest statistical analysis  on Desertification-related development finance 2007-13

Desertification-related aid data at a glance, These graphs present data on commitments to Desertification.

To access the activity-level data underlying these charts:

  • Select a part of the chart by clicking on the bar of column you are interested in;
  • Click on the “View Data” icon;
  • A new window will open. Click on the 'Underlying' tab;
  • Select 'Show all columns'.

You can then also export the data by clicking on the link “Download all rows as a text file”.

and more on biodiversity and climate change:

Previous statistical flyers

For more information on the Rio markers, data definition and statistical analysis, see : 

On-line data : 

Download data 

User guide :