Desertification: OECD Statistics on External Development Finance Targeting Environmental Objectives Including the Rio Conventions
The DAC is monitoring external development finance targeting environmental objectives through its Creditor Reporting System (CRS) using “policy markers”: donors are requested to indicate for each development co-operation activity they report to the OECD whether or not it targets environmental objectives.
The Rio Conventions were established in 1992 on Climate Change, Biological Diversity and Desertification. Developed country Parties committed to assist developing countries in the implementation of these Conventions.
A scoring system of three values is used, in which development co-operation activities are “marked” as targeting the environment or the Rio Conventions as the “principal" objective or a “significant" objective, or as not targeting the objective.
Five statistical policy markers exist to monitor external development finance for environmental purposes within the OECD/DAC, these are:
The “Environment” marker (introduced in 1992)
Four Rio markers covering:
The Rio markers are applicable to Official Development Assistance (ODA) and recently also to other official flows (OOF) (non-concessional developmental flows, excluding export credits) starting from 2010.
- Targeting multiple environmental objectives and overlaps between Rio markers. Qualitative methodology allowing an approximate quantification of finance flows (DCD/DAC(2016)3/ADD2/FINAL)
Data on bilateral desertification-related development finance commitments from members of the OECD DAC.
- Trends in Desertification-related development finance
- Desertification-related development finance by OECD DAC members
- Desertification-related development finance by sector
- Desertification-related development finance by instrument
To access the activity-level data underlying these charts:
- Select a part of the chart by clicking on the bar of column you are interested in;
- Click on the “View Data” icon;
- A new window will open. Click on the 'Underlying' tab;
- Select 'Show all columns'.
You can then also export the data by clicking on the link “Download all rows as a text file”.
and more on biodiversity and climate change:
- Biodiversity-Related Development Finance 2015 (Flyer)
- Climate-Related Development Finance in 2015 (Flyer)
- REVISED: OECD DAC Rio Markers for Climate – Handbook
- NEW: Guidance Table for Climate Change Rio Markers (xls file)
- REVISED: Definition and Guidance for the Climate Rio Markers
- Biodiversity-related bilateral Official Development Assistance: 2007- 2014 (Updated April 2016)
- Statistics on climate-related development finance, including bilateral and multilateral activity level data
- Watch a webinar on DAC Statistics - Official development assistance and climate change(10 Nov, in Spanish)
- Climate Finance in 2013-14 and the USD 100 billion goal
- Spanish website - Página en español
Previous statistical flyers
- Measuring aid targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions: 2002-2007, May 2009
- Aid targeting the objectives of the Rio Conventions 1998-2000, August 2002
For more information on the Rio markers, data definition and statistical analysis, see : http://www.oecd.org/dac/stats/rioconventions.htm
On-line data : http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=RIOMARKERS