Four New Global Land Outlook Regional reports just launched
This GLO regional thematic report analyses the challenges, constraints and assets of 7 countries (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Nigeria), highlighting past achievements and future opportunities to promote sustainable and inclusive development throughout the entire region. In response to land degradation trends, good practices for Sustainable Land Management (SLM) have been developed. Often implemented at the instigation of local communities, they have reduced soil erosion, restored vegetation cover, retained water for irrigation, improved agro- and silvo-pastoral production and increased the resilience of ecosystems and populations in the face of climate change. In addition, youth and women have an essential role to play in developing and managing the productive potential of land, since more than 60% of the population is under 25 years of age and women farmers represent more than 40% of the agricultural labour force. Finally, many parts of the Sahel have groundwater and surface water resources sufficient for local needs, vast areas of land and perpetual sunshine - an important source of renewable energy that has yet to be exploited. French language version available: Global Land Outlook: Rappot thématique Afrique de l'Ouest
The extensive arable land and great biodiversity present in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have the potential to ensure sustenance and a good quality of life for its more than 600 million inhabitants.LAC has experienced important changes in land use. When the Europeans arrived in the 15th century, the forest cover of LAC accounted for approximately 75 per cent of the territory. At present, forests cover less than 50 per cent of the territory, 90 per cent of which is due to the expansion of agriculture and livestock, especially during the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century.
In LAC, the primary factors that have contributed to land degradation are population growth, deforestation and the management of grassland ecosystems (savannas, steppes, pampas, fields, etc.), as well as natural phenomena exacerbated or not by human action. As land degradation progresses, soil, hydrology, biomass, biodiversity and climate are all adversely affected. Regarding the factors that affect degradation, an analysis was carried out in eight LAC countries, considering six factors, as well as their concurrence and convergence in a certain geographical space, and their evolution in a certain period of time. Spanish version available.
Deforestation, land degradation, and unsustainable land management threaten our lives and are responsible, both directly and indirectly, for many economic, social and environmental issues. In particular, countries in Northeast Asia face the growing threats of desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD). In China, it is estimated that “more than 40 per cent of Chinese arable land is degraded” (China Daily 2014). “The annual cost of land degradation in Mongolia is estimated at 2.1 billion United States dollars (USD)” (UNCCD, 2018). Sand and Dust Storms (SDS) hit the region each year, causing significant damage to life and property. With the impacts of DLDD and SDS often being transboundary, they are not only a national issue, but also a regional one, requiring transboundary cooperation. One country alone would not be able to tackle these issues adequately. Thus, regional cooperation is essential to address the shared challenge of DLDD and SDS.
This thematic report highlights case studies from East Africa that illustrate the critical role of land governance in achieving LDN, and the role of tenure security as a particular challenge for the region. The examples traverse the region from the northern plains in Africa’s largest country of Sudan, eastwards to the volcanic plateaus of Ethiopia, and down to the lush mountain valleys of Rwanda. They reveal that stakeholders range from indigenous communities and tribal chiefs to government officials, civil society organisations, and members of the international community who are working on the ground to make sure the future of land use in East Africa is integrated within a land governance framework that is inclusive for all land users. Finally, they demonstrate viable ways for LDN to be incorporated responsively into policy and decision-making at all levels.