Invitations to contribute on Special Issues: soil organic carbon, soil erosion and more
Soils host the largest terrestrial carbon pool, amounting to about 1500 Pg C in the first meter, nearly twice that of the atmospheric pool. Hence, soil management may result in huge atmospheric C feedbacks, as much as climate change, conveying the scientific attention on soil organic carbon (SOC), mainly for its ‘climate regulation functions’.
However, there are other soil functions that can be enhanced by strategies aiming at increasing SOC content. Those include, for instance, the capacity to provide secure food through a higher soil resilience, the provision of soil biodiversity, the regulation of water availability and quality, the improvement of soil quality and the prevention/attenuation of degrading processes such as erosion or desertification. All those functions are affected by SOC balance, but are likely less investigated or quantified than the ‘climate regulation function’, although having themselves an indirect impact on climate.
This Special Issue will focus on Soil Organic Carbon and its influence on agricultural and environmental effects. We welcome novel research, reviews and opinion pieces addressing the relationship between SOC content/balance and soil functions, and is not limited to effects on the atmosphere, but also investigating a broad range of agronomic and ecosystem aspects. Related topics include soil biogeochemistry, hydrology, microbiology, agronomical field studies and modelling at any scale.
This Special Issue will discuss new trends in modelling soil erosion from local, regional, national and continental scale. Preference will be given to new introduced modeling techniques for estimating soil loss by water (or wind). Authors can submit their work related to each of the main factors contributing to erosion modelling: Soil, climate (rainfall), topography, land cover, crop management and conservation practices. The Special Issue can include research studies related to rainfall erosivity and interactions with natural hazards or ecosystem services. We also encourage submissions on the impact of soil conservation policies, future land use changes (including scenario analysis) and climate change in soil erosion modeling. Special focus will be also given to model erosion in agricultural lands. This Special Issue can also include relevant topics such as dessertification, land degradation and sediment transport.
Environmental Research publishes original reports describing studies of the adverse effects of environmental agents on humans and animals. The principal aim of the journal is to assess the impact of chemicals and microbiological pollutants on human health. Both in vivo and in vitro studies, focused on defining the etiology of environmentally induced illness and to increase understanding of the mechanisms by which environmental agents cause disease, are especially welcome. Investigations on the effects of global warming/climate change on the environment and public health, as well as those focused on the effects of anthropogenic activities on climate change are also of particular interest