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Just updated: The most comprehensive global database of discriminatory laws and social norms hampering gender equality. With 120 countries ranked, 180 country notes and a new policy reform simulator.

The OECD Development Centre’s Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) is a cross-country measure of discrimination against women in social institutions (formal and informal laws, social norms, and practices) across 180 countries. Discriminatory social institutions intersect across all stages of girls’ and women’s life, restricting their access to justice, rights and empowerment opportunities and undermining their agency and decision-making authority over their life choices. As underlying drivers of gender inequalities, discriminatory social institutions perpetuate gender gaps in development areas, such as education, employment and health, and hinder progress towards rights-based social transformation that benefits both women and men.

The SIGI covers four dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discrimination in the family, restricted physical integrity, restricted access to productive and financial resources and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, child marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights. Through its 180 country profiles, country classifications, unique database and its innovative simulator, the SIGI provides a strong evidence base to effectively address the discriminatory social institutions that hold back progress on gender equality and women’s empowerment and allows policy makers to scope out reform options and assess their likely effects on gender equality in social institutions.

Secure access to land
Laws on access to land assets:
Whether women and men have the same legal rights and secure access to land assets
0: Women and men have the same legal rights and secure access to land assets, without legal exceptions regarding some groups of women. Customary, religious and traditional laws or practices do not discriminate against women’s legal rights.
0.25: Women and men have the same legal rights and secure access to land assets, without legal exceptions regarding some groups of women. However, some customary, religious or traditional practices or laws discriminate against women’s legal right.
0.5: Women and men have the same legal rights and secure access to land assets. However, this does not apply to all groups of women.
0.75: Women and men have the same legal rights to own land assets; but not to use, make decisions and/or use land assets as collateral.
1: Women do not have the same legal rights as men to own land assets.

Source: SIGI Country Profiles

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