New Adelphi report: SHORING UP STABILITY: Addressing Climate & Fragility Risks in the Lake Chad Region
Lake Chad is caught in a conflict trap. Violence between armed opposition groups – including the so-called ‘Islamic State West Africa Province’ and ‘Boko Haram’ – and state security forces has left 10.7 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Climate change is compounding these challenges. This report identifies key risks and proposes pragmatic solutions to shore up stability in the region.
- The Great Green Wall has the potential to enhance food security and resilience to climate change while creating jobs for those who live along its path, particularly women and youth. ( page 31)
- The Diffa region of Niger has seen a number of violent clashes between pastoralists of different ethno-linguistic groups at water sources against a backdrop of pastoralists moving from northern parts of Niger which are experiencing increasing desertification in search of water. (p.58)
- Soil will lose fertility due to the combined effect of anthropogenic land degradation and heat-related loss of soil moisture and biomass. All this will combine to decrease food yields while feeding the conditions that led to the conflict in the first place.(p.66)
- The impact of climate change and desertification in other parts of Chad and Niger could increase migration into lake adjacent regions if the security situation improves. Yet if not matched with inclusive and effective natural resource governance and conflict management systems, any migration may increase pressure and competition over natural resources and lead to violent conflict.(p.67)
Read the key findings from the report: Shoring up stability: Addressing Climate & Fragility Risks in the Lake Chad Region
4 KEY CLIMATE-FRAGILITY RISKS IN THE REGION
One of the risks is the challenge of increased competition for natural resources.The combination of large numbers of displaced people, restricted access to resources and diminishing land availability and quality has led to competition over natural resources in some locations.The mixture of climate and conflict challenges has disrupted previous governance and restitution measures, which now either no longer exist or are too weak to defuse conflicts. Find out the rest of the risks for the area
Lake Chad not shrinking, but climate is fuelling terror groups. Satellite analysis shows ‘vanishing’ lake has grown since 1990s, but climate instability is driving communities into the arms of Boko Haram and Islamic State.
- Lake Chad, which straddles Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon, is home to 17.4 million people. Around 10.7 million people require humanitarian assistance, with 5 million suffering from food insecurity. Some 2.5 million people have fled their homes.
- Climate change, the report found, both worsened the conditions at the root of conflicts, and undermined communities’ ability to deal with them.
- Competition over natural resources has also flared, as fertile land becomes scarcer.
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