New Publication Launch: Land Degradation Neutrality in Small Island Developing States. Technical Report and Briefing Note
An assessment of land degradation trends, coupled with an analysis of the drivers behind these trends, proved an essential step for SIDS to understand the current conditions of land degradation, reveal anomalies and identify degraded areas. It also provided an evidence-based overview of areas that are particularly exposed to land degradation (known as ‘hotspots’).
SIDS linked the hotspots to disaster-prone areas, which emphasized a strong correlation between land degradation, climate change, biodiversity loss and disaster risks. The leverage gains from LDN were achieved through the sharing of knowledge and data, and the alignment of targets and common objectives of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), and national strategies and programmes. Existing institutional and legal frameworks on land management in SIDS are intricate and complex, comprising several ministries and authorities.
Coordination and streamlining commitments under several MEAs as well as data reporting and monitoring are critical and can be best led by a government body that has overarching co-ordination responsibilities with the relevant sectoral ministries and departments. The establishment of strong and diverse LDN working groups increased cross sectoral/institutional collaboration and will further help to eliminate duplication and streamline efforts during LDN implementation.By setting science-based LDN targets, SIDS have committed to integrated land-use planning, a shift towards greener economic initiatives and the restoration of degraded landscapes with a focus on land degradation hotspots. The overall focus to address land degradation in SIDS has beenon natural resource management and ecosystem conservation, and strengthening the policy and institutional environments to tackle development pressures and competing economic land uses.
Broadly speaking, the LDN targets adopted by SIDS are based on four key points:
1. Mainstreaming LDN in relevant sectoral plans and MEAs;
2. Restoring degraded forests and enhancing protection measures for existing forest cover;
3. Restoring degraded agricultural land and protecting productive lands;
4. Raising awareness of LDN and sustainable land management (SLM) practices.
Further reading on:
- Land Degradation Neutrality
- Small- Island Developing States (SIDS)
- SDG 15
- Sustainable Land Management (SLM)