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Pocket Guide for Capacity Building for Climate Change

For over a decade, the European Capacity Building Initiative(ecbi) has adopted a two-pronged strategy to create a more level playing field for developing country in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC): training for new negotiators; and opportunities for senior negotiators from developing countries and Europe to interact, understand each other’s positions, and build mutual trust.The first part of the strategy focuses on providing training and support to new developing country negotiators,particularly from least developed countries.

The climate change negotiations are often technical and complex, and difficult for new negotiators to fully grasp even over a period of two or three years. We hold regional training workshops to bring them up to speed on the negotiations. We also organise workshops before the Conference of Parties (COPs)to the UNFCCC, covering topics specific to that COP. To ensure continuity in our capacity building efforts, we offer a few negotiators, particularly women, bursaries to attend the negotiations and represent their country and region/grouping.

Finally, we help negotiators build their analytical capacity through our publications, by teaming them up with global experts to author policy briefs and background papers.This strategy has proven effective over time. “New”negotiators that trained in our early regional and pre-COP workshops have risen not only to become senior negotiators in the process, but also leaders of regional groups and of UNFCCC bodies and committees, and ministers and envoys of their countries. These individuals are still part of our growing alumni, now capacity builders themselves, aiding our efforts to train and mentor the next generation of negotiators.

Following the adoption of the Paris Agreement in 2015,ecbi produced Guides to the Agreement in English and in French. These proved popular with both new and senior negotiators. We therefore decided to develop a series of thematic guides, to provide negotiators with a brief history of the negotiations on the topic; a ready reference to the key decisions that have already been adopted; and a brief analysis of the outstanding issues from a developing country perspective.These Guides are mainly web-based, and updated regularly.


  • Why do developing countries need capacity building?
  • What is capacity building?
  • What do previous capacity building efforts teach us?
  • What has been done under UNFCCC?
  • Framework for capacity building for developing countries
  • Durban Forum on Capacity Building
  • Capacity building under the Paris Agreement
  • Other initiatives
  • What are the key gaps in current efforts?
  • What kind of capacities are needed to address climate change?
  • How can capacity building efforts be improved?
  • What reforms are needed?
  • What should the CBM support?
  • How can funds be used more effectively?
  • What’s next?
  • Proposals for the PCCB on the Way Forward

read further from the ECBI ( European Capacity Building Initiative)ecbi is an initiative for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations. The ecbi aims to promote a more level playing field between government delegations to the international climate change negotiations, and to facilitate mutual understanding and trust - both between European and developing countries and among the developing countries.


For the list of ECBI publications, guidelines, pocket guides and reports please visit the website