The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019
Food insecurity is more than just hunger
The main indicator for monitoring progress on the eradication of hunger in the world reported here is the prevalence of undernourishment, or PoU (SDG Indicator 2.1.1). Beginning in 2017, the prevalence of severe food insecurity based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES) was also included in the report as another, complementary indicator of hunger using a different approach.
This year’s report now takes a step forward by also including, for the first time, estimates of the prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity based on the FIES (SDG Indicator 2.1.2). This indicator provides a perspective on global food insecurity relevant for all countries of the world: one that looks beyond hunger towards the goal of ensuring access to nutritious and sufficient food for all. As estimates of SDG Indicator 2.1.2 refer to the total number of people suffering from food insecurity, including at moderate levels, it should come as no surprise that they correspond to a much higher number of people than those who suffer from hunger.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) framework includes two indicators for monitoring SDG Target 2.1: the prevalence of undernourishment (SDG Indicator 2.1.1) and prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale – FIES (SDG Indicator 2.1.2) .1
People experiencing moderate food insecurity face uncertainties about their ability to obtain food and have been forced to reduce, at times during the year, the quality and/or quantity of food they consume due to lack of money or other resources. It thus refers to a lack of consistent access to food, which diminishes dietary quality, disrupts normal eating patterns, and can have negative consequences for nutrition, health and well-being. People facing severe food insecurity, on the other hand, have likely run out of food, experienced hunger and, at the most extreme, gone for days without eating, putting their health and well-being at grave risk.
The 2019 edition of the report introduces for the first time estimates of the prevalence of food insecurity combining moderate and severe levels. This indicator refers to an expanded range of food-insecurity severity that encompasses moderate levels.
According to the latest estimates, 9.2 percent of the world population (or slightly more than 700 million people) were exposed to severe levels of food insecurity in 2018, implying reductions in the quantity of food consumed to the extent that they have possibly experienced hunger. FAO The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019
Did you know:
The Chefs’ Manifesto, crafted by more than 150 chefs around the world, was launched in 2018 at the EAT forum in Stockholm. It is tied to the United Nations (UN) global goals, and identifies goals and actions for cooking food without cooking the planet. It includes a recipe database, ‘Cooking the Manifesto’, aimed at eating sustainably.
UN sustainable development goals
The Chefs’ Manifesto is driven by the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that were set by the UN in 2015. The SDGs have a noble cause: to end poverty by 2030, promote peace and protect the planet. SDG2 aims to, “end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.” ( Source Sustainable Food Trust : Changing the world one meal at a time: How chefs can make eating out more sustainable)