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The latest updates from the UNCCD e-Library

Global environmental change is rapidly altering the dynamics of terrestrial vegetation, with consequences for the functioning of the Earth system and provision of ecosystem services.
Here the authors present a conceptual framework for legacy effects at short-term (days to months), medium-term (years to decades), and long-term (centuries to millennia) timescales, which reveals the ubiquity of such effects in drylands across research disciplines.
More than 20 per cent of all cultivated land, 30 per cent of forests and 10 per cent of grasslands are undergoing degradation. The global food system has profound implications for the environment, and producing more food than is consumed only exacerbates the pressures.
The connectivity framework has practical implications for land management, especially with respect to decision making concerning the scale and location of agricultural production or habitat restoration in the world's drylands.
17 Case Studies of soil threats are included in RECARE to study the various conditions that occur across Europe and to find appropriate responses using an innovative approach combining scientific and local knowledge.
Desertification in drylands is an important problem world-wide, but the concept is ambiguous in terms of specific processes, conditions, and solutions.
Recognizing the value of bringing climate-change science to practitioners, the USDA recently established a network of regional climate hubs. These hubs are designed to provide information on, and tools for, climate-change mitigation and adaptation strategies to farmers, ranchers, and natural…
Five example programs demonstrate successful integration of these three practices into K-12 ecological research activities, an application that will benefit not only future ecologists but also students who enter other careers as ecologically literate citizens.
The value of rangelands depends on both their ability to supply ecosystem services and society’s demand for such services. Societal demand for ecosystem services provided by rangelands has diversified in the past decades, transitioning from demand primarily for provisioning services to now commonly…
Water resource management needs to be improved to meet the growing demand for drinking water and for water used in the agricultural and energy sectors.
Like the baboon, or that woman who made flour so long ago, we depend ultimately on Nature. We can dream that we are managing our world and its ecosystems, but in reality it is Nature that manages us.
This collection of papers began with our recognition of the vital need to improve our collective record on gender and agroforestry.
CIFOR scientists reviewed studies looking at gender dynamics in communities living in and near dry forests – an important but under-researched ecosystem.
One year after the New York Declaration on Forests was signed, the challenges are becoming clear – as are the opportunities.
The International Forestry Review is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal that publishes original research and review papers on all aspects of forest policy and science, with an emphasis on issues of transnational significance.
In this study authors used the Global Inventory Monitoring and Mapping Studies (GIMMS) dataset to analyze trends in the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in the world’s semiarid regions, based on 30 years of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-Advanced Very High Resolution…
The papers present original research on land (soil and vegetation) degradation and desertification in drylands (and related subjects) using spectroscopy and remote sensing tools and techniques.
The assessment of land degradation and the quantification of its effects on land productivity have been both a scientific and political challenge. After four decades of Earth Observation (EO) applications, little agreement has been gained on the magnitude and direction of land degradation in the…
The gender equality goal in Agenda 2030, like many other goals, was the subject of wide-ranging consultations, position papers, and extensive commentaries issued by women’s rights organizations and networks, academics, and UN agencies.
Realizing the ‘transformative potential’ of the Agenda in the decade and a half to come will be far from a technocratic exercise – and this is particularly true for the full realization of women's rights.
The concept of Zero Net Land Degradation was recently proposed as the basis for a future protocol for the UNCCD to reduce global dryland degradation.
Our larger data set focused only on forest ecosystems and it revealed that enhancement of overall biodiversity also differs among taxonomic groups. Nevertheless, the recovery of vegetation structure and species similarity and composition are likely to take orders of magnitude longer than species…
Ecological restoration and the mainstreaming of the concept of ecosystem services will be critical if global society is to move toward sustainability.
For the successful upscaling of land management, more attention must be paid to the social system from the first involvement stage, up to the long term maintenance.
It is unclear how the current global food system will meet the growing demands of a population expected to reach 9 billion people by 2050. In the present context of climate change, ongoing loss of species and genetic diversity, soil degradation, increasing urbanization, social conflict and extreme…