On 1 January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at an historic UN Summit — officially came into force. Over the next fifteen years, with these new Goals that universally apply to all, countries will mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind.
A web-based system explicitly designed for the management and sharing of knowledge at subregional level (such as data, information, tools, skills, expertise, best practices and success stories) among members within an organization or a network (for example, the subregional aggregated data in the PRAIS portal).
In the context of development investments, the likelihood that the benefit streams generated by an investment continue beyond the phase of initial support. It also includes an assessment of the likelihood that actual and anticipated results will be resilient to risks beyond the project’s life.
(Source: adapted from the OECD/DAC (2002). Glossary of Key Terms in Evaluation and Results-Based Management http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/29/21/2754804.pdf and from IFAD (2009). Evaluation Manual: Methodology and Processes http://www.ifad.org/evaluation/process_methodology/index.htm)
A quantitative value usually referring to international policy objectives. Often, the target has a time deadline that should be met. Targets express ‘desired situations’. Targets refer to various geographical levels: targets at country level (i.e. national targets) contribute to achieving the overall targets set at the global level.
A taxon with all its subordinate taxa and their individuals, for example the taxonomic group insect consists of all insects and their taxa.
Backstopping is used as a technical tool for project and programme consultancy, whereby it supports the development and transfer of new evidences and innovations. Based on research and practice it provides critical technical advisory support for process development, testing and implementation as well as their documentation and evaluation.
The Adaptation Fund was established to finance concrete adaptation projects and programmes in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable and are Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. The Fund is to be financed with a share of proceeds from clean development mechanism (CDM) project activities and receive funds from other sources. It is operated by the Adaptation Fund Board.
Data which facilitates analysis at more than one time (e.g. Daily, monthly, seasonal or annual time scales). The advantage of time series analysis is the increased amount of information that is obtainable compared with single date data acquisition.
(Source: Adapted from Avery, T.E., Berlin, G.L. (1992) Fundamentals of Remote Sensing and Air photo Interpretation. 5th Ed.)
For the purpose of UNCCD reporting, this land cover class includes any geographic area where the vegetative cover is dominant (cover >15%) and consists of a main layer of natural trees with a cover between 15% -100%: i) Tree cover closed to open: >15%; ii) Trees cover open : 15-40%; and iii) Tree cover closed: 40-100%;. Other types of plants (shrubs and/or herbs) can be present, even with a density higher than trees: Mosaic trees and shrubs (>50%) / herbaceous cover (< 50%).
(Source: UNCCD, 2018. Reporting manual for the 2017-2018 UNCCD reporting process, http://www.unccd.int/convention/2017
A representation of the world using points, lines and polygons. Vector models are useful for storing data that has discrete boundaries, such as country borders, land parcels and streets.
A mathematical combination or transformation of spectral bands that accentuates the spectral properties of green plants so that they appear distinct from other image features. Such as NDVI, EVI or FAPAR.
Exposure to contingencies and stress, and the difficulty in coping with them. Three major dimensions of vulnerability are involved: exposure to stresses, perturbations, and shocks; the sensitivity of people, places, ecosystems, and species to the stress or perturbation, including their capacity to anticipate and cope with the stress; and the resilience of the exposed people, places, ecosystems, and species in terms of their capacity to absorb shocks and perturbations while maintaining function.
(Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005). Current State & Trends Assessment Report.
For the purpose of UNCCD reporting, this land cover class includes any geographic area covered by inland water bodies with a water persistence of 12 months per year. In some cases the water can be frozen for part of the year (less than 10 months). This class refers to areas that are naturally or artificially covered by water, such as lakes and/or rivers. It includes areas that are covered by water due to the construction of artefacts such as reservoirs, canals, artificial lakes, etc. Without these, the area would not be covered by water.
The class also includes coastal water bodies composed
A watershed is an area of land that drains all the streams and rainfall to a common outlet such as the outflow of a reservoir, mouth of a bay, or any point along a stream channel. The word watershed is sometimes used interchangeably with drainage basin or catchment. Ridges and hills that separate two watersheds are called the drainage divide. The watershed consists of surface water--lakes, streams, reservoirs, and wetlands--and all the underlying ground water.
(Source : https://water.usgs.gov/edu/watershed.html)
For the purpose of UNCCD reporting, this land cover class includes any geographic areas that are transitional between pure terrestrial and aquatic systems, where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water. The vegetative cover is significantly influenced by water and dependent on flooding (e.g. marshes, swamps and aquatic beds). The class includes any area dominated by trees, shrubs or herbaceous vegetation (cover of 10% or more) that is seasonally or permanently flooded with inland fresh water or by salt and/or brackish water located in the