Conference of the Parties (COP)
The governing body and supreme decision-making authority for the Parties to the Convention. The first session of the COP to the UNCCD took place in Rome, Italy, on 29 September - 10 October 1997; the second in Dakar, Senegal, on 30 November - 11 December 1998; the third in Recife, Brazil, on 15-26 November 1999; the fourth in Bonn, Germany, on 11-22 December 2000; the fifth in Geneva, Switzerland, on 1-12 October 2001.
The COP was established by the Convention as the supreme decision-making body; it comprises ratifying governments and regional economic integration organizations, such as the European Union. Up to today, the COP had held thirteenth sessions; it has been meeting biennially since 2001.